Electronic Administration is a fundamental aspect for the correct development of the Smart City. Thus, regardless of the different criteria on which its design and operation are based, the city must be built according to the concerns of the inhabitants in very different areas, always from a participatory and sustainable approach.
One of them, a key factor for Smart City, revolves around Electronic Administration in order to improve municipal management in this efficiency scenario. That is why we will dedicate this post to understand its importance.
As we have pointed out, electronic administration is at the core of the present and future smart cities, while it has developed significantly in just a few years.
On the one hand, the characteristics of a smart city include very different areas such as health, economy, energy, urban waste or, for example, mobility, all of which are supported by new technologies as a basis for innovation.
However, ultimately these are actually a tool to meet the requirements of public action. It is not a simple road, as is easy to imagine.
Great challenges and no less opportunities that Smart City seeks to overcome by adapting to new realities that citizens face every day taking into account the growing urbanization, coupled with the demographic problem of overpopulation
Electronic Administration and Smart City
Intelligent management of Smart City, therefore, goes far beyond than the advantage that implies expediting bureaucratic procedures: it can reduce costs, care for the environment, increase services and, of course, make citizens’ lives easier.
In practice, effective management through intelligent electronic administration is essential for the successful exploitation of municipal resources in their different areas of action.
Based on the report “Mapping Smart Cities in the EU”, published by the European Parliament, the smart city encompasses initiatives that respond to characteristics related to key aspects such as Smart Governance, which brings together electronic administration and Citizen participation, and more, such as Intelligent Economy, Smart People, Smart Mobility, Smart Environment and Smart Life.
In fact, if the Smart Cities are conceived by and for the citizens, their role is revealed as fundamental in the face of a concept of intelligent city that implies its inhabitants in its administration. “It is not the metropolis that is intelligent in itself, but first its inhabitants, its elected representatives, its administration, its companies,” says Julien Damon, co-author of the study of the French Enterprise Institute, “Smart Cities. Efficace, innovante, participative: comment rendre la ville plus intelligente? “.
According to a community research, more than 90 percent of European cities with more than half a million inhabitants and 43 percent of cities with 100 to 200,000 inhabitants are Smart Cities.
We will hardly find uniformity in the designs of Smart Cities, just as we will find a thousand and one definitions, as many as their casuistry, but ideally they seek to promote “a high life quality through the optimum development of resources through an efficient data and networks management, “explained experts Franck Grintrand and David Nguyen.
Within this general objective, electronic administration connects both to the optimal development of intelligent projects in the city and to the generic objective of making possible a unitary city model that will form an intelligent ecosystem. In this sense, a smart city “is not an institutional revolution but a set of more effective management modalities in complex environments”, points out Damon in the Institut de l’entreprise
Again we return to the concept de Smart Governance, an intelligent local government based on the fundamental pillars of electronic administration and citizen participation. Bearing in mind, finally, that just as there is great versatility in the practical concept of Smart City for each city, also the management model pursued by intelligent government is constantly evolving. It could not be otherwise, considering that Smart City has just arrived and has done so to stay. The intelligent city of the future will most likely follow this dynamic of transformation as a sign of identity.
Far from establishing an alien panorama to the citizen, more typical of science fiction, will have the anchor of intelligent government, making citizen participation and electronic administration a winning tandem to satisfy the needs of the present generations without compromising tomorrow.