A

Advanced electronic seal

Electronic seal, which meets the requirements set out in Article 36.

Advanced electronic signature

Electronic signature which meets the requirements set out in Article 26.

Authentication

Electronic process that enables the electronic identification of a natural or legal person, or the origin and integrity of data in electronic form to be confirmed.

B

Body governed by public law

Body defined in point (4) of Article 2(1) of Directive 2014/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (15).

C

Certificate for electronic seal

Electronic attestation that links electronic seal validation data to a legal person and confirms the name of that person.

Certificate for electronic signature

Electronic attestation which links electronic signature validation data to a natural person and confirms at least the name or the pseudonym of that person.

Certificate for website authentication

Attestation that makes it possible to authenticate a website and links the website to the natural or legal person to whom the certificate is issued.

Conformity assessment body

Body defined in point 13 of Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008, which is accredited in accordance with that Regulation as competent to carry out conformity assessment of a qualified trust service provider and the qualified trust services it provides;

Creator of a seal

Legal person who creates an electronic seal.

E

Electronic document

Content stored in electronic form, in particular text or sound, visual or audiovisual recording.

Electronic identification means

Material and/or immaterial unit containing person identification data and which is used for authentication for an online service.

Electronic identification scheme

System for electronic identification under which electronic identification means are issued to natural or legal persons, or natural persons representing legal persons.

Electronic identification

Process of using person identification data in electronic form uniquely representing either a natural or legal person, or a natural person representing a legal person

Electronic registered delivery service

Service that makes it possible to transmit data between third parties by electronic means and provides evidence relating to the handling of the transmitted data, including proof of sending and receiving the data, and that protects transmitted data against the risk of loss, theft, damage or any unauthorised alterations.

Electronic seal creation data

Unique data, which is used by the creator of the electronic seal to create an electronic seal.

Electronic seal creation device

Configured software or hardware used to create an electronic seal.

Electronic seal

Data in electronic form, which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form to ensure the latter’s origin and integrity.

Electronic signature creation data

Unique data which is used by the signatory to create an electronic signature.

Electronic signature creation device

Configured software or hardware used to create an electronic signature.

Electronic signature

Data in electronic form which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form and which is used by the signatory to sign.

Electronic time stamp

Data in electronic form which binds other data in electronic form to a particular time establishing evidence that the latter data existed at that time.

P

Person identification data

Set of data enabling the identity of a natural or legal person, or a natural person representing a legal person to be established.

Product

Hardware or software, or relevant components of hardware or software, which are intended to be used for the provision of trust services.

Public sector body

State, regional or local authority, a body governed by public law or an association formed by one or several such authorities or one or several such bodies governed by public law, or a private entity mandated by at least one of those authorities, bodies or associations to provide public services, when acting under such a mandate.

Q

Qualified certificate for electronic seal

Certificate for an electronic seal, that is issued by a qualified trust service provider and meets the requirements laid down in Annex III.

Qualified certificate for electronic signature

Certificate for electronic signatures, that is issued by a qualified trust service provider and meets the requirements laid down in Annex I.

Qualified certificate for website authentication

Certificate for website authentication, which is issued by a qualified trust service provider and meets the requirements laid down in Annex IV.

Qualified electronic registered delivery service

Electronic registered delivery service which meets the requirements laid down in Article 44.

Qualified electronic seal creation device

Electronic seal creation device that meets mutatis mutandis the requirements laid down in Annex II.

Qualified electronic seal

Advanced electronic seal, which is created by a qualified electronic seal creation device, and that is based on a qualified certificate for electronic seal.

Qualified electronic signature creation device

Electronic signature creation device that meets the requirements laid down in Annex II.

Qualified electronic signature

Advanced electronic signature that is created by a qualified electronic signature creation device, and which is based on a qualified certificate for electronic signatures.

Qualified electronic time stamp

Electronic time stamp which meets the requirements laid down in Article 42.

Qualified trust service provider

Trust service provider who provides one or more qualified trust services and is granted the qualified status by the supervisory body.

R

Relying party

Natural or legal person that relies upon an electronic identification or a trust service.

S

Signatory

Natural person who creates an electronic signature.

T

Trust service provider

Natural or a legal person who provides one or more trust services either as a qualified or as a non-qualified trust service provider.

Trust service

Electronic service normally provided for remuneration which consists of: (a) the creation, verification, and validation of electronic signatures, electronic seals or electronic time stamps, electronic registered delivery services and certificates related to those services, or (b) the creation, verification and validation of certificates for website authentication; or (c) the preservation of electronic signatures, seals or certificates related to those services;

V

Validation data

Data that is used to validate an electronic signature or an electronic seal.

Validation

Process of verifying and confirming that an electronic signature or a seal is valid.


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